Seminar Series: Amelie Quesnel-Vallee (McGill)

Canada Research Chair in Policies and Health Inequalities, and, President, RC15 Sociology of Health, International Sociological Association

“Inequalities in Aging in Canada: Evidence from longitudinal survey and linked administrative data”

In 2015, for the first time in history, Canadians aged 65 and over outnumbered those 14 years and under. Moreover, as baby-boomers began turning 65 in 2011, population aging will accelerate further such that by 2024, 1 in 5 Canadians will be 65 years or over. A looming issue within this population is that of social inequalities. Indeed, while once enviably low by international standards, poverty among older Canadians has been increasing over the past decade, particularly steeply so among single women and immigrants.

To truly tackle the root of these inequalities in aging, they must be seen as the outcome of a life course accumulation of (dis)advantage, moderated by the social policy context in which they occur. In this presentation, I will draw from the historical income administrative data linked to the Longitudinal International Survey of Adults survey to describe Canadians’ employment and income life course trajectories, 2) analyse their contribution to inequalities in aging and 3) discuss implications for the social policy contexts that shaped these trajectories.